Sunday, February 25, 2018
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ALLAHABAD: Anjana, 35, was leading a normal life. But she started noticing that her body had started swelling. When she consulted the doctor she was told that her kidneys were affected which was leading to swelling. 
Dr Dilip Chaurasia of MLN Medical College says the main function of the kidneys is to remove excess fluid and waste products from the body through the urine. They also regulate body's potassium and sodium levels as well as pH balance, and produce hormones that affect other organs, including erythropoietin (which stimulates red blood cell production) and renin (which helps blood flow). 

Since kidneys are a vital body organ, any injury or disease that interferes with its function can be serious. Kidney disease is actually a catch-all term that includes diseases ranging from kidney stones and urinary tract infections to more serious disorders such as glomerulonephritis and polycystic. 

Although each kidney condition has its own unique characteristics, certain symptoms are associated with the majority of kidney problems, says Dr Arvind Gupta, nephrologist at MLN Medical College. 

Dr Chaurasia says symptoms of kidney ailment include a frequent urge to urinate, fluid retention resulting into puffiness on face, weight gain, back pain, vomiting, fever, pain, nausea, loss of appetite, and a burning sensation during urination. Both kidneys are usually affected by any kidney disease. 

If the ability of the kidneys to filter blood is seriously damaged, excess fluid and wastes may build up in the body. This causes symptoms of kidney failure and severe swelling. 

About prevention and diet to be followed in case of kidney ailment, Dr Chaurasia says one should eat right food and avoid food high in phosphorus, potassium, and sodium. Eating too much protein can also burden the kidneys and speed the progression of CKD. Protein food like meat and dairy products break down into nitrogen and creatinine, waste products that healthy kidneys remove from the blood. Packaged noodles with sauce, frozen vegetables with sauce, canned soup, tomato sauce, fast food should be avoided, he adds. 

But, the city needs better facilities for kidney care. "Right from basic instruments needed for performing a simple operation of kidney to kidney transplant, the city lacks in almost all aspects that are vital for kidney patients," said a doctor. There is also a need for a state-of-art kidney care centre.

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